TRANSPORT IN PLANTS AND ANIMALS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
- Which one of the following processes is not linked with transpiration?
A. Absorption of water by roots.
B. Transportation of sugars.
C. Cooling of leaves.
D. Provision of mechanical support.
- Which one of the following takes place by the process of active transport in plants?
A. Uptake of water
B. Intake of carbon dioxide.
D. Uptake of mineral salts.
- Why is a shoot being prepared for transpiration experiments normally cut under water?
A. Avoid water loss which may cause wilting.
B. Prevent loss of sap.
C. Prevent air from entering the xylem vessels
D. Remove damaged tissue.
4. The following are factors that affect the rate of transpiration.
(i) High temperature
(ii) High relative humidity
(iii) Low atmospheric pressure
(iv) Low light intensity
Which two of these would favour increased transpiration?
(i) (i) and (ii)
(ii) (i) and (iii)
(iii) (ii) and (iv)
(iv) (iii) and (iv)
5. The force which mostly help water to move up a tall plant are
A. osmosis and diffusion
B. capillarity and transpiration.
C. osmosis only.
D. capillary and osmosis.
6. Which one of the following maintains a transpiration stream in flowering plants?
D. Active transport
7. Which of the following conditions increase the rate of transpiration?
A. High temperatures, windy conditions and high humidity.
B. Low temperatures, windy conditions and high humidity.
C. High temperatures, low humidity and windy conditions.
D. Low temperatures, low humidity and still air.
8. Which of the following processes need energy?
D. Active transport
9. Which one of the following events occurs during osmosis?
A. Solute molecules move from more to less concentrated solution.
B. Solvent molecules move from more to less concentrated solution.
C. Solvent molecules move from less to more concentrated solution.
D. Solute molecules move from less to more concentrated solution.
10. Which one of the following maintains a transpiration stream in flowering plants?
D. Active transport
11. By which one of the following processes does carbondioxide leave the blood capillaries into the alveoli?
B. Active transport
12. Which one of the following has no effect on the rate of diffusion?
A. Density of diffusion
B. Length of diffusion pathway.
C. Size of diffusing molecules.
D. Concentration gradient.
13. Which one of the following processes needs energy?
A. Absorption of water by root hairs.
B. Gaseous exchange in the alveoli.
C. Loss of turgidity by plant cell.
D. Absorption of mineral salts by root hairs.
14. Which of the following blood vessels transport blood most rich in nutrients?
A. Pulmonary artery
B. Hepatic portal vein
C. Mesentric artery
D. Renal vein
15. What is the main function of the phloem in green plants?
A. Transporting water.
B. Supporting the plant.
C. Transporting mineral salts.
D. Transporting manufactured food
16. Choose the most suitable description of sieve tubes in plants. They are made of
A. dead cells and transport water in plants.
B. living cells and transport water in plants
C. dead cells and transport food from leaves to other parts of the plant.
D. living cells and transport food within the plant.
17. Oxygen is mainly transported in the
C. white blood cells
D. red blood cells
18. The table below shows the effect of wind, still air and stomatal opening on the rate of transpiration of a plant in milligrams of water lost per hour per dm2. Study the table and answer the questions following.
|Stomatal opening (μm)||1||2||3||4||5||6||7|
Compare the rates of transpiration in windy and still air conditions.
(ii) Explain your observation
(b) How does stomatal opening affect transpiration rate?
(c) Name three other factors that affect the rate of transpiration.
(d) State two functions of transpiration to plants.
19. (a) What is transpiration?
(b) State the environment factors that affect the rate transpiration.
(c) Describe an experiment to show that a plant transpiration.
20. (a) What is transpiration?
(b) Describe an experiment to show that transpiration occurs in plants.
(c) How are xerophytic plants adapted to their habitats
21. (a) Distinguish between diffusion and osmosis.
(b) Describe an experiment to demonstrate osmosis, using a named plant material.
(c) How is the root hair adapted to its functions?
22. In humans, the blood circulatory and lymphatic systems transport body fluids.
(a) Outline the functions of the lymphatic system.
(b) Explain the changes that occur in the composition of blood as it passes through the capillaries of the following parts of the body.